Tuesday, 20 December 2011

Slides available: BEREC expert workshop on IP-Interconnection (Peering and Transit) in cooperation with OECD

Update: BEREC website was redesigned and the slides fell off. They can still be found here in this open directory http://berec.mp.bi.lv/files/doc/berec/oecd/
On November 2nd, BEREC organized a workshop on IP-interconnection together with the OECD. All the slides are now available online.  And to save you from reading the whole post, here they are:

This was a direct result of the OECD High Level Meeting on the Internet Economy in June, where through conversations in the halls we noticed that there was a difference in the way regulators and Internet peering coordinators discussed interconnection. The workshop was a huge success, several people from the internet peering community flew in from Vienna for one day even though there was a RIPE-meeting going on too. 

A couple of points to take away from the meeting are:
  • Peering agreements are for 95%+ handshake agreements, without any involvement of lawyers. They take 3 minutes to set up technically. 
  • Both content providers and eyeball networks are working on getting content closer, faster and cheaper to the consumer. This benefits both parties. An interesting example were Google Global Caches which are now placed in networks around the world, but whose effect can most profoundly be seen in Africa where for instance the traffic over the Kenya Internet Exchange Point increased by several hundreds megabit/s peak after a cache was installed, saving the local internet community hundred thousands of dollars every month
  •  The market for peering and transit is highly competitive and highly dynamic, with switching barriers being extremely low. A change in routing from one transit provider to another can literally be done in minutes. The effect of a peering agreement is almost immediate. 
  • The people whose job it is to interconnect IP-networks speak of themselves as a community, even though some of them disagree quite considerably on how it should be done and who plays what role. 
  • Peering and transit is done between all kinds of networks, even the European Commission has an AS-number and could set up it's own peerings.
 I think everyone looks back at a very successful event, that was seated to capacity. 

BEREC expert workshop on IP-Interconnection in cooperation with OECD 
November 2nd, Bloom Hotel Brussels, 9:00-17:30  

The goal of the workshop is to bring experts from the IP- interconnection community in contact with experts on interconnection from national regulatory authorities and to discuss future interconnection in an all-IP world.

The Internet’s way of using peering and transit as the basis for commercial negotiations differs considerably from the telephony’s world of Calling Party’s Network Pays. As a result even when talking the two worlds seem to be speaking about different things even when using the same words.

BEREC has been looking into these different approaches to interconnection in a series of papers since 2007 (ERG Report on IP-Interconnection 2007, ERG Common Statement on Regulatory Principles of IP Interconnection 2008, BEREC Common Statement on NGN future charging mechanisms, 2010). The OECD has studied Internet traffic exchange in a series of reports in 1998, 2002, 2005 and in a forthcoming paper in 2011. Furthermore, it has studied Internet traffic exchange in relation to the development of local content in cooperation with UNESCO and it has also organized a workshop on the topic in 2001 in cooperation with the German government. IP-interconnection markets are global markets crossing national borders and even continents. Therefore the OECD is singular in its analysis of trends in Internet interconnection taking a global perspective. Following the same objective of safeguarding competition, BEREC and the OECD take this workshop as a starting point hopefully to be continued in the future.

The format of the 4 session is intended to allow for an extensive discussion with the audience.

9:00-9:30 Registration and Coffee

9:30 – 10:00 Opening words by Monica Ariño, BEREC and Sam Paltridge, OECD

10:00-11:30 Session 1: The background of Internet interconnection
The goal of this session is to outline the basics of Internet interconnection.
Technical background: Peering (paid or free), transit, partial transit, variants (reciprocal transit
etc.), “Public” versus private, application needs for QoS.

11:30-12:00 Coffee break

12:00-13:00 Session 2: IP interconnection, traffic trends, and implications for
wholesale and retail prices

The interconnection of internet networks has been described in terms of two-sided networks.
The network provider stands in the middle and can receive money from either the content
provider or the consumer. Is this description of the market accurate? What can the theory of
two-sided markets teach us? What contribution can content providers give to the deployment
of networks or alternatively what is the role of network providers in content?
13:00-14:00 Lunch

14:00-15:30 Session 3: IP Interconnection and differentiated QoS
15:30-16:00 Coffee Break

16:00-17:10 Session 4: The Future of Interconnection
The Internet hasn’t done away with telephony as a very important means of communication. The growth of mobile telephony has even been more dramatic than the growth of Internet. There have been calls in academic journals and on regulators directly to both impose the Internet’s way of interconnection on telephony and vice versa the telephony’s way interconnection on the Internet.
  • Can we expect the market to evolve into one model or the other for all traffic?
  • Could a hybrid model evolve?
  • What role will new services on networks play? Will new demands be placed on
  • interconnection?
  • What characteristics of both models should survive?
Eric Ralph, Chief Economist of the Wireline Competition Bureau, FCC (Video message
and telco);
Andreas Sturm, De-Cix;
Mike Blanche, Falk v. Bornstaedt, Patrick Gilmore; Martin Levy

17:10-17:30 Wrap-up 
Cara Schwarz-Schilling, BEREC and Rudolf van der Berg, OECD

Tuesday, 8 November 2011

Will speak at FTTH Forum Budapest on Nov 9

I will speak at the FTTH Forum in Budapest tomorrow. Always interested in meeting up with people. Many people of the so called Fiber Ring will be there ie Benoit Felten, Costas Troulos and James Enck

Thursday, 30 June 2011

New presentation on Machine to Machine communication

I recently gave a presentation on Machine to Machine Communication to the Dutch Telecommunication User Group, BTG. This was based on work I have done at Logica. The presentation represent my own thoughts and not those of my employer. I am still working on the topic and am interested in hearing anyones views on the topic.

Sunday, 12 June 2011

Born: Tycho Rudolf Willem

The blog is on semi-hiatus, but I thought some of you would appreciate this news. On Wednesday June 8th our son Tycho Rudolf Willem was born in Almere, The Netherlands. He is the little brother of Grace :-) Mother and son are doing great. Pictures available on request :-) And yes, I was present, the two days before were spent in OECD working groups in Paris, discussing two papers I wrote with member countries.

Sunday, 29 May 2011

I'll be speaking on WIK's conference on Bundling and Multi-Play

I'll be presenting at "Bundling and multi-play: Does it require a new regulatory paradigm?". This conference organized by the German WIK-Consult is held Monday and Tuesday in Brussels. I'll present OECD-work on Bundling, which was published last year. It's not my work, but the responsible colleagues were otherwise disposed or had changed to other jobs. The line up of speakers is quite interesting.

Thursday, 10 March 2011

First blogpost for the OECD... on International Women's Day (of course)

Working for the OECD may mean this blog is on hiatus, but that doesn't mean I stop blogging completely. Fortunately the OECD has some blogs and I've been allowed to write on International Women's Day. It's not a topic I'm an expert in, but as always I can have an opinion and I've got some skills in writing it down, so for your pleasure:

May the best (wo)man win

by Guest author

8 March is the centenary of International Women’s Day. This year, we mark the occasion with a series of blog posts about initiatives to strengthen gender equality worldwide. In this post, Rudolf van der Berg of the OECD’sScience, Technology and Industry Directoratediscusses sex discrimination in management.

As we celebrate the centenary of International Women’s Day, in OECD countries still only 5%-30% of senior management is female. This is often discussed in the context of right and wrong. But let’s look at it from the perspective of competences and economic performance.

The argument for there being so few women in management positions is that they just aren’t available and that the best person for the job needs to be promoted. However, with educational equality being the norm and girls and women actually performing better than boys and men in education, this argument seems to hold less than it did a hundred years ago on the first International Women’s Day.

The simple conclusion we have to draw from the numbers is that if competences and chances were distributed equally, we would see roughly 50% women on boards. Unfortunately we aren’t seeing this. We still see far less.

The sobering conclusion is that if our societies were more equal, 40% of the men in some form of management today wouldn’t be in that position. They are not competent enough, given the pool of talented women. However, since managers are continuing the practice of selecting men over women for any management position in the organization, this means they are dipping deeper into the pool of available men and pushing lesser qualified men up to positions they shouldn’t have been in.

The consequence of this is that the position of men in organizations is supported by a whole column of lesser qualified men, crowding out women and in their own self-interest keeping those women out.

That this has negative effects on the performance of companies is clear. In a series of studies byCatalyst, Fortune 500 companies with more women board directors are shown to have significantly better financial performance, including 53% higher returns on equity, 42% higher returns to sales, and 66% higher returns on invested capital.

If shareholder value or government effectiveness and efficiency is dependent upon having the right people in the right place, it is time CEOs and Ministers start looking around and down and wondering which of the men they see in management is the weakest link, and where in the company the more qualified woman has ended up.

Useful links

Wednesday, 5 January 2011

This blog is going on (semi-)hiatus

It has been a blast to be writing blogposts here. It was conceived as a way for me to vent of the ideas in my head and to be in contact with others who are interested in telecoms. Over 350 people now subscribe to my feed, articles get read and linked to. I've actually become a bit known in the industry because of you my readers, reacting and forwarding the articles.

However, as you know, I've started a new job at the OECD. It is a fantastic workplace with brilliant people and high level discussions of telecommunications policy. It also means that no matter what I blog about in the telecom industry, it is directly related to my work. The consequence of that is, that it will be very  hard to separate the two and so I've decided to put the blog on semi-hiatus for the time that I work in Paris. I may write and Twitter occasionally or link to something I've published elsewhere. So don't delete me from your feed readers and Twitter just yet.

If you are in Paris anytime, send me note. I love to meet people and actually will go and have dinner tonight with someone I met through the blog!

Monday, 3 January 2011

Celebrating Bill St. Arnaud and his wireless vision

James Enck used to call the readers of his blog "Eurotelcoblog", super mega über valued readers or something of the like, when they provided him with interesting tidbits and insight. In Bill St. Arnaud's case the list of superlatives that I would need to give him in thanks to his efforts would be a bit too long and not do him justice. Ever since I published about how opening up the market for MVNO's to end-users, Bill has been a major supporter of the idea, often blogging about it. Today he wrote such a great post on what universities and research networks could do with the idea, that I have to give him his own article, anything else would just be too little.

If you want to know where the future of innovation in networks is, then read Bill's blog of today. It's very enlightening, about how networks could be build that seamlessly integrate traditional mobile and wifi networks can be integrated into one large network, that could support many innovations.

Without readers and supporters, this blog wouldn't be anywhere so that's why I'm celebrating Bill today!